The constant state of change on the planet sometimes result in devastating effects known as Environmental disaster or Environmental catastrophe. Some can be caused naturally while many are human errors which leads to non-favorable outcomes. Planet Earth has had to face many disasters ranging from nuclear disaster to severe natural disaster and each marks the unforgettable tale of carelessness.
What is an Environmental Catastrophe?
Do not get natural disaster to confuse with environmental disaster, both are two different things. An environmental disaster can be or cannot be a result of a natural cause but many of times a man-made mistake such as oil spillage or nuclear explosion. The definition of environmental catastrophe is Man-made damage to the natural environment resulting in deaths of living beings. It can also result from the technical failure or consequences of long-term pollution affecting the ozone layer.
However, it’s important to know the impact of dangerous humans can face when planning to how not to disturb nature.
There are several types of accidents that can cause dreadful incidents:
1. Nuclear disaster results from failure of handling nuclear power plant or usage of atomic bombs for testing or attacking. One of the worst disaster experienced by this was in Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986.
2. Chemical/ Industrial disaster results from the carelessness of industries in managing the waste or instruments. Chemicals in the environment can also be caused by the usage of harmful pesticides in agricultural or waste effluents from mining lands. One of the deadliest accident caused by an industry disaster was Bhopal gas tragedy in 1984.
3. Human Health disaster occurs from an outbreak of a disease or mass death among human species causing massive devastation. The huge amount of people lost their lives in the Bubonic plague, also known as Black Death. It took more than 100 years for Europe to recover from this disaster.
4. Oil Spillage can result in a 21st century’s worse calamity if not treated. The release of oil from ships and cruises in the ocean, emission of untreated waste in water sources resulting in loss of marine life in huge proportion. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010 is recorded to be the worst oil spilled in terms of amount.
5. Forrest fires can be caused naturally or man-made. The hazard level of this disaster is maximum which can affect flora and fauna. The Cedar Fire in San Diego, which burned through 200,000 acres, was the largest fire disaster to ever take place.